Setting up a business in Canada takes several steps, among which the first ones imply appointing company officers. The Company Law contains various provisions on the officers who need to be appointed when opening a company in Canada.
Among the most important officers in a Canadian company are the shareholders and the directors, however, depending on the type of structure selected, other officers must also be appointed.
Below, our company formation agents in Canada explain how to choose officers for your business. We can also help you register a company in Canada.
How many officers must a Canadian company have?
The minimum number of officers a company in Canada must have is one. This officer will usually hold the position of president in the company. However, when appointing company officers, the most important thing is to establish the structure of the company followed by the number of officers to be appointed. The private limited liability company or the corporation can have up 5 officers. The public company, on the other hand, can have a larger number of officers, which can reach up to 10.
No matter the type of company you want to create in Canada, our local advisers can explain the requirements related to appointing officers.
Officers for private and public corporations in Canada
As mentioned above, the minimum number of officers of a corporation in Canada is one and that will be the president of the company. However, most companies will appoint the following officers:
- the vice-president who will play a major role in the management of the Canadian company;
- the secretary who is not required to be a Canadian resident (the position can be held by another officer in the company);
- the treasurer who can be one of the shareholders or one of the directors in the Canadian company;
- a public company in Canada can have a chairman, as it is required to have a board of directors;
- chief executive and chief financial officers are also titles which can be held in public companies;
- a public company can also appoint assistant secretaries and assistant treasurers, if necessary.
It is important to know that there is no Canadian residency requirement for any of the officers in a company, no matter if it is private or public. The details which need to be provided when choosing officers for a Canadian company are the names and the professions of the persons appointed.
We remind those interested in company registration in Canada that a director must be a natural person.
Shareholders and directors as company officers in Canada
One of the most frequent questions related to choosing company officers in Canada is related to whether the shareholders and director can take other roles in the business. Both shareholders and directors can be assigned other roles in a Canadian company, however, this is usually employed in small businesses most of the times. However, there are several things to consider when appointing company officers in Canada:
- there can only be a president, secretary, and treasurer in a Canadian company, no matter its structure;
- public companies, on the other hand, can appoint several vice-presidents, if the shareholders see fit;
- when having a board of directors, there is a limited number of persons who can be appointed on the board;
- chairmen and managing directors must hold the title of directors in order to be appointed officers in the management board of a company.
Our company formation specialists in Canada can offer more information on the requirements, duties, and responsibilities which must be fulfilled when selecting officers for your company.
You can also rely on our accountants in Canada for tailored services.
Other company officer requirements in Canada
Other officers who need to be appointed in Canadian companies are the accountants and the auditors which will usually be in charge of the accounting in the firm. These must be appointed during the annual general meeting of the shareholders can be replaced every year.
Most Canadian companies have several departments, a case in which the shareholders can create non-appointed officer positions.
If you plan on setting up a business in Canada, you should know the following facts:
- in 2017, Canada was the 15th most sought foreign direct investments destination in the world;
- Canada attracted 24.2 billion USD in foreign direct investments in 2017;
- the foreign direct investment stock in the same year rose by 11%, reaching 1,084 million USD;
- in 2019, Canada ranks 22nd in the World Bank’s 2019 Doing Business report.
For complete information on how to choose company officers or assistance in setting up a company in Canada, please contact our local representatives.
Our consultants can help you open a business in Canada by providing information on the characteristics of each company type, so that you can make an informed decision as to what legal entity is most suitable for your business plans, investment budget, liability, corporate taxation, business sector and many other characteristics that can influence the decision of starting a business.
For matters concerning the taxation of your business, professional advice can be offered by our accountants in Canada, who have the necessary expertise in this field and thus, who can explain the ways in taxation must be handled based on the company type of preference, as differences can apply based on the company type and the company size (small companies benefit from a preferential tax regime).
Please contact us if you want to know what your options are concerning relocation here for business purposes.
A program that is very common in this sense is the Owner Operator program in Canada, designed for those who are either the sole owners of a business, either the major shareholders of a business. There are many conditions to fulfill, and our team can offer in-depth information.
Another popular program for immigration is the Intra Company Transfer in Canada, but this is designed for those who will relocate here for employment purposes only.
Qualifying applicants must work in a foreign company that has also an office in Canada, office where the foreign worker will be transferred for developing a specific work activity for which the person is qualified.